Species checklist for plants

Latin name

Japanese name

English name

Group

Quantity

Abies sachalinensis 

トドマツ

Sakhalin fir

coniferous tree

frequent

Acer caudatum ssp. ukurunduense

オガラバナ

Ukurundu maple

broadleaf tree

occasional

Acer japonicum 

メイゲツカエデ

downy Japanese maple; fullmoon maple

broadleaf tree

frequent

Acer pictum 

イタヤカエデ

painted maple

broadleaf tree

abundant

Achlys japonica

ナンブソウ

 

herb

abundant

Aconitum sachalinense ssp. yezoense

エゾトリカブト

Ezo aconite

herb

abundant

Actaea asiatica 

ルイヨウショウマ

baneberry

herb

rare

Actinidia arguta 

サルナシコクワ

monkey pear, hardy kiwi

climber

occasional

Adiantum pedatum 

クジャクシダ

northern maidenhair

fern

rare

Agrimonia pilosa 

キンミズヒキ

hairy agrimony

herb

rare

Alnus hirsuta 

ケヤマハンノキ

Manchurian alder

broadleaf tree

frequent

Amphicarpaea bracteata 

ヤブマメ

American hogpeanut

herb

rare

Anemone debilis

ヒメイチゲ

 

herb

rare

Anemone flaccida

ニリンソウ

 

herb

*

Angelica sachalinensis

エゾノヨロイグサ

 

herb

rare

Aquilegia buergeriana

オオヤマオダマキ

granny’s bonnets

herb

frequent

Aralia elata 

タラノキ

Japanese angelica tree

broadleaf shrub

occasional

Artemisia montana

オオヨモキ

 

herb

occasional

Aruncus dioicus var. camschaticus

ヤマブキショウマ

goat's beard or bride's feathers

herb

occasional

Asarum heterotropoides

オクエゾサイシン

Ezo hollyhock

herb

*

Aster ageratoides/microcephalus

エゾノコンギク

Michaelmas daisy

herb

rare

Astilbe thunbergii var. congesta

トリアシショウマ

false goat's-beard

herb

occasional

Athyrium multidentatum

エゾメシダ

 

fern

rare

Betula ermanii 

ダケカンバ

Erman's birch

broadleaf tree

abundant

Betula maximowicziana

メジロカバ

monarch birch

broadleaf tree

occasional

Betula platyphylla 

シラカンバ

Japanese white birch

broadleaf tree

occasional

Brachypodium sylvaticum 

ヤマカモジグサ

false brome

grass

occasional

Brylkinia caudata 

ホガエリガヤ

 

grass

occasional

Calamagrostis hakonensis

ヒメノガリヤス

 

grass

occasional

Caltha palustris var. barthei

エゾノリュウキンカ

marsh marigold

herb

*

Calystegia sepium 

ヒロハヒルガオ

hedge bindweed

herb

rare

Cardamine leucantha

コンロンソウ

 

herb

*

Cardamine scutata

タネツケバナ

 

herb

occasional

Cardiocrinum cordatum var. glehnii

オオウバユリ

 

herb

occasional

Carex dispalata

カサスゲ

 

rush

rare

Carex mollicula

ヒメシラスゲ

 

rush

rare

Carex pisiformis

サハリンイトスゲ

 

rush

occasional

Carex sp. 

スゲ属の一種)

 

rush

rare

Carex utriculata 

オオカサスゲ

Northwest Territory sedge

rush

rare

Caulophyllum robustum

ルイヨウボタン

Asian blue cohosh

herb

rare

Chloranthus japonicus

ヒトリシズカ

wild chloranthus

herb

rare

Chrysosplenium flagelliferum

ツルネコノメソウ

 

herb

rare

Chrysosplenium kamtschaticum

チシマネコノメソウ

golden saxifrage

herb

occasional

Circaea alpina 

ミヤマタニタデ

alpine enchanter’s nightshade

herb

occasional

Cirsium kamtschaticum 

チシマアザミ

Kamchatka thistle

herb

frequent

Commelina communis 

ツユクサ

Asiatic dayflower

herb

*

Coniogramme intermedia

イワガネゼンマイ

 

fern

rare

Corydalis fumariifolia

エゾエンゴサク

 

herb

*

Dennstaedtia wilfordii 

オウレンシダ

 

fern

rare

Deparia pycnosora

ミヤマシケシダ

 

fern

occasional

Digitaria violescens

アキメヒシバ

 

grass

rare

Diphylleia grayi

サンカヨウ

skeleton flower

herb

*

Disporum smilacinum

チゴユリ

 

herb

*

Dryopteris crassirhizoma 

オシダ

 

fern

occasional

Dryopteris expansa 

シラネワラビ

northern buckler-fern

fern

occasional

Epilobium amurense

イワアカバナ

 

herb

rare

Epilobium ciliatum 

カラフトアカバナ

American willow-herb

herb

rare

Equisetum arvense 

スギナ

field horsetail

horsetail

occasional

Euonymus macropterus

ヒロハノツリバナ

spindle tree

broadleaf tree

rare

Eupatorium chinense ssp.. sachalinense

ヨツバヒヨドリ

Chinese eupatorium

herb

occasional

Filipendula camschatica

オニシモツケ

Kamchatka meadowsweet; giant meadowsweet

herb

occasional

Fraxinus mandshurica 

ヤチダモ

Manchurian ash

broadleaf tree

frequent

Galeopsis bifida 

チシマオドリコソウ

bifid hemp-nettle

herb

rare

Galium kamtschaticum 

エゾノヨツバムグラ

boreal bedstraw

herb

occasional

Galium odoratum 

クルマバソウ

woodruff or sweet woodruff

herb

rare

Galium spurium 

ヤエムグラ

false cleavers

herb

rare

Galium trifloriforme

オククルマムグラ

 

herb

frequent

Gymnocarpium robertianum 

イワウサギシダ

limestone fern; limestone oak fern

fern

rare

Huperzia serrata 

トウゲシバ

toothed clubmoss

clubmoss

occasional

Hydrangea macrophylla 

エゾアジサイ

mountain hydrangea

broadleaf shrub

rare

Hydrangea paniculata 

ノリウツギ

panicled hydrangea

broadleaf shrub

frequent

Hydrangea petiolaris 

ツルアジサイ

climbing hydrangea

climber

abundant

Hymenophyllum wrightii

コケシノブ

Wright’s filmy fern

fern

rare

Hypericum ascyron 

トモエソウ

great St John's-wort

herb

*

Hypericum erectum

オトギリソウ

 

herb

rare

Ilex rugosa

ツルツゲ

Tsuru holly

broadleaf sub-shrub

occasional

Impatiens noli-tangere 

キツリフネ

touch-me-not balsam

herb

rare

Jacobaea cannabifolia

ハンゴンソウ

Aleutian ragwort

herb

frequent

Juncus decipiens

イグサ

lamp rush

rush

rare

Juncus tenuis 

クサイ

slender rush

rush

rare

Juncus wallichianus

ハリコウガイゼキショウ

 

rush

rare

Kalopanax septemlobus 

ハリギリ

prickly castor oil tree

broadleaf tree

occasional

Laportea bulbifera

ムカゴイラクサ

 

herb

frequent

Leptorumohra miqueliana

ホソバナライシダ

 

fern

rare

Leucothoe grayana

ハナヒリノキ

sneeze tree

broadleaf sub-shrub

rare

Lycopodium dendroideum 

マンネンスギ

tree groundpine

clubmoss

occasional

Lycopus uniflorus 

エゾシロネ

northern bugleweed

herb

rare

Lysimachia japonica

コナスビ

loosestrife

herb

rare

Magnolia obovata 

ホオノキ

Japanese bigleaf (or whitebark) magnolia

broadleaf tree

frequent

Maianthemum dilatatum 

マイヅルソウ

false lily of the valley

herb

occasional

Mimulus tenellus

ミゾホオズキ

Nepal monkey flower

herb

occasional

Muhlenbergia curviaristata var. nipponica

ミヤマネズミガヤ

 

grass

*

Muhlenbergia huegelii

ミヤマネズミガヤ

 

grass

occasional

Muhlenbergia japonica

ネズミガヤ, 鼠萱

 

grass

occasional

Osmundastrum cinnamomeum fokiense

ヤマドリゼンマイ

cinnamon fern

fern

occasional

Oxalis acetosella 

コミヤマカタバミ

wood-sorrel

herb

frequent

Pachysandra terminalis

フッキソウ

Japanese spurge

herb

abundant

Parasenecio auriculatus

ミミコウモリ

eared Indian plantain

herb

*

Parasenecio hastatus ssp. orientalis

ヨブスマソウ

 

herb

frequent

Paris tetraphylla

ツクバネソウ

 

herb

rare

Paris verticillata

クルマバツクバネソウ

verticillate paris

herb

*

Peracarpa carnosa

タニギキョウ

fleshy peracarp

herb

occasional

Persicaria  lapathifolia

オオイヌタデ

pale persicaria

herb

rare

Persicaria sagittata

アキノウナギツカミ

arrowleaf tearthumb

herb

rare

Persicaria thunbergii (= Polygonum thunbergii)

ミゾソバ

 

herb

rare

Petasites japonicus ssp. giganteus

アキタブキ

giant butterbur or bog rhubarb

herb

occasional

Phalaris arundinacea

クサヨシ

reed canary-grass

grass

rare

Phegopteris connectilis

ミヤマワラビ

beech fern

fern

occasional

Phellodendron sachalinense

ヒロハノキハダ

Sakhalin cork tree

broadleaf tree

frequent

Phragmites australis

ヨシ

comon reed

grass

rare

Picea glehnii

アカエゾマツ

Sakhalin spruce or Glehn's spruce

coniferous tree

rare

Picea jezoensis

エゾマツ

Jezo spruce or Yezo spruce

coniferous tree

frequent

Plantago asiatica

オオバコ

Chinese plantain

herb

rare

Poa annua

スズメノカタビラ

annual meadow-grass

grass

rare

Polystichum braunii

ホソイノデ

Japanese tassel fern; Braun’s holly fern

fern

occasional

Polystichum tripteron

ジュウモンジシダ

trifid holly fern

fern

occasional

Populus suaveolens

ドロノキ

Japanese poplar or Maximowicz's poplar

broadleaf tree

rare

Potentilla norvegica

エゾノミツモトソウ

rough cinquefoil or Norwegian cinquefoil

herb

rare

Prunella vulgaris ssp. asiatica

ウツボグサ

Asian self-heal

herb

rare

Prunus maximowiczii

ミヤマザクラ

Miyama cherry

broadleaf tree

rare

Prunus ssiori

シウリザクラ

Hokkaido bird cherry

broadleaf tree

rare

Pteridium aquilinum

ワラビ

bracken

fern

rare

Quercus mongolica ssp. crispula

ミズナラ

Mongolian oak

broadleaf tree

frequent

Ranunculus silerifolius

キツネノボタン

 

herb

rare

Rhododendron pentandrum ( = Menziesia pentandra)

コヨウラクツツジ

 

broadleaf shrub

rare

Rubus idaeus ssp. melanolasius

エゾイチゴ

raspberry

broadleaf sub-shrub

occasional

Rubus parvifolius

ナワシロイチゴ

native raspberry

broadleaf sub-shrub

*

Rubus pseudojaponicus

ヒメゴヨウイチゴ

 

herb

occasional

Salix caprea

バッコヤナギ

goat or pussy willow, or great sallow

broadleaf tree

rare

Salix udensis

オノエヤナギ

dragon willow; Japanese fantail willow

broadleaf shrub

occasional

Salix viminalis

エゾノキヌヤナギ

common osier or osier

broadleaf tree

rare

Sanicula chinensis

ウマノミツバ

black snakeroot

herb

occasional

Sasa senanensis

クマイザサ

dwarf bamboo

dwarf bamboo

abundant

Scirpus wichurae

アブラガヤ

 

rush

rare

Scutellaria pekinensis ussuriensis

エゾタツナミソウ

Beijing skullcap

herb

frequent

Senecio nemorensis

キオン

 

herb

rare

Setaria viridis

エノコログサ

green foxtail; green bristlegrass; wild foxtail millet

grass

rare

Silene baccifera

ナンバンハコベ

berry catchfly

herb

*

Solidago virgaurea

ミヤマアキノキリンソウ

goldenrod or woundwort

herb

occasional

Sonchus brachyotus

ハチジョウナ

 

herb

rare

Sorbus commixta

ナナカマド

Japanese rowan

broadleaf tree

frequent

Stachys riederi

イヌゴマ

 

herb

*

Streptopus amplexifolius var. papillatus

オオバタケシマラン

twisted-stalk

herb

*

Symplocarpus renifolius

ザゼンソウ

skunk cabbage

herb

*

Taraxacum agg.

セイヨウタンポポ

dandelion

herb

rare

Taxus cuspidata

イチイ

Japanese yew

coniferous tree

rare

Thalictrum minus var. hypoleucum

アキカラマツ

lesser meadow-rue

herb

rare

Thalictrum sachalinense

エゾカラマツ

meadow-rue

herb

occasional

Tiarella polyphylla

ズダヤクシュ

foam flower

herb

rare

Tilia japonica

シナノキ

Japanese lime

broadleaf tree

abundant

Trillium apetalon

エンレイソウ

Japanese trillium

herb

*

Trillium tschonoskii

ミヤマエンレイソウ

 

herb

*

Ulmus davidiana var. japonica

ハルニレ

Japanese elm

broadleaf tree

abundant

Ulmus laciniata

オヒョウ

Manchurian elm

broadleaf tree

frequent

Urtica platyphylla

エゾイラクサ

Ezo nettle

herb

occasional

Verbascum thapsus

ビロードモウズイカ

great mullein

herb

*

Viburnum furcatum

オオカメノキ

forked viburnum; scarlet-leaved viburnum

broadleaf shrub

frequent

Viola grypoceras

タチツボスミレ

 

herb

occasional

Viola selkirkii

ミヤマスミレ

Selkirk's violet or great-spur violet

herb

frequent

Vitis coignetiae

ヤマブドウ

crimson glory vine

climber

frequent


Quantity column: * indicates not seen during the 2016 survey, but included in previous (2011 or ealier) list of vascular plant species on this website.

All the plants listed above (160 species) are native to Hokkaido, however the conifer Picea glehnii (Sakhalin spruce or Glehn's spruce) is planted at Horoka Tomamu.

Non-native species (8) are listed below:

Latin name

Japanese name

English name

Group

Quantity

Agrostis stolonifera

ハイコヌカグサ

creeping bent

grass   

rare

Anthoxanthum odoratum

ハルガヤ

sweet vernal-grass

grass   

rare

Dactylis glomerata

カモガヤ

cocksfoot

grass   

rare

Galium mollugo

カスミムグラ

hedge bedstraw

herb

rare

Lapsana communis

ナタネタビラコ

nipplewort

herb

rare

Oxalis stricta

オッタチカタバミ

yellow woodsorrel

herb

rare

Trifolium pratense

ムラサキツメクサ

red clover

herb

rare

Trifolium repens

シロツメクサ

white clover

herb

rare


These botanical species lists were compiled by Ben Averis.

Simon Holledge, 3 July 2017